The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that attach from the front of the pelvis to the tailbone. They act like a hammock to our body by supporting the bladder, uterus and rectum. The support mechanism of these muscles is critical for men and women to understand and use for everyday function to occur normally.
Weakness and dysfunction in these muscles can occur from childbirth, pregnancy, poor postural control, constipation, organ prolapse, obesity, and lack of use and awareness. There are many problems that may arise with the pelvic floor including urinary or fecal incontinence, organ prolapse, pelvic pain, pain with intercourse.
Physical therapist who specialize in the pelvic floor have special training and certification in this field. Physical therapy treatment can help strengthen the pelvic floor, allow improved tone and decrease pain in areas which are affected. Increased tension and tone can occur in the muscles and cause pain and pressure during exercise, intimacy and other activities of daily living. Manual physical therapy treatments can help reeducate these muscles and to patients to learn to relax these muscles and gain more optimum function. Biofeedback treatment is also used which allows reeducation of the pelvic floor muscles to work effectively. There are many other treatment options that are available through physical therapy that can help rehab the pelvic floor. Each treatment is created based on patient's diagnoses and needs.
If you have any questions on this type of therapy you can contact me and I will be happy to discuss your treatment options and where and how you may seek help.
Sabina Weaver, MSPT